Freckle, Mole, Brown Spots On Skin or Skin Cancer?

Freckle, Mole, or Skin Cancer?

Introduction

Skin cancer becomes a real fear for people who spent a lot of time under the sun in their youth. Maybe you played a lot of sports, or just really enjoyed tanning beds or being at the beach.

Needless to say, when we are young and optimistic the possibility of cancer is just an illusion that we try not to think about. But as we grow older and approach our mid-thirties and forties, those brown spots and moles that start to pop up begin to worry us and we start to wonder: “Could I possibly have skin cancer?”, some form of chronic skin condition or other risk factors that might indicate that something’s wrong with our immune system. Those with light skin are also more susceptible to skin cancer caused by sun damage.

We spend all those times wondering how to have flawless skin while tanned, but then we get this haunting feeling.

Skin cancer is a tricky skin condition because our skin is so volatile. We get spots and skin discoloration from just about everything — the sun, hormones, and even injuries or acne – which is why we always look for the best acne products out there to rule out at least one possibility.

And spots often look very similar, brown round patches on our skin that sometimes fade and sometimes they don’t, or they might be raised to look like a little bump. But when should we start to be worried about skin cancer? It is estimated that one in five Americans will develop skin cancer before they reach the age of 70. That’s one-fifth of the population!

There’s a pretty high chance of getting skin cancer, so it’s always best to detect early. The good thing is, skin cancer is very much curable as long as you diagnose it early on and stop it from spreading. If you suspect you have some abnormal looking marks of lumps, this is a guide to when you should seek a doctor’s advice and get a strange-looking spot checked out.


What is skin cancer?

Cancer is a skin condition that develops when the healthy cells of a person’s body begin to mutate and multiply uncontrollably, creating a mass of cells known as a tumor.

Tumors themselves are not necessarily cancerous, sometimes they are benign and do not pose a health risk as they do not spread.

However, a malignant cancerous tumor can grow bigger, spread to the rest of the body and even cause skin inflammation. Even the tips for glow skin won’t suffice as this becomes more of a health issue than an aesthetic one.

Skin cancer is cancer that affects the skin, with the skin cells multiplying and forming tumors. It is not surprising that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, since the skin is our biggest organ.

Skin cancer is also largely treatable and diagnosed early on, and it has an average mortality rate of 1%. Less severe cases of skin cancer usually just need some topical treatment or a small surgery to remove the malignant tumor. More serious cases of skin cancer might require radiation therapy or oncology.


What are the types of skin cancer?

Skin cancer is actually the most common cancer type that people get. Most people develop the least serious types of skin cancer which are very treatable.

Basal cell carcinoma

This type of cancer will show up in the form of marks that resemble scars, bumps, small skin growths, sores, and patches in the areas that usually get the most sun exposure such as your head, the shoulders, and back area.

Basal cell carcinoma doesn’t usually spread to the rest of the body through blood vessels, and it is the most common type of cancer with over 4 million people contracting it annually. 

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma will show up as patches, skin growths, and sores on smaller parts of the body that also get sun, like on and around the ears and hands.

Squamous cell carcinoma is less prevalent than basal cell carcinoma at 1 million cases per year. However, this type of cancer can spread more rapidly to the rest of the body if untreated, and although low, there is a mortality rate associated with this cancer.

 

These are the top two most common cancer types, but there are also other, more serious cancers that can be more damaging and life-threatening: 

Melanoma

The early signs of melanoma include abnormal-looking moles that can form even in parts of the body that don’t usually get sun exposure, such as the thighs, small of the back, and chest area.

Approximately 200,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma annually. It is specifically the growth of the melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells, which is why signs of melanoma often include dark-colored bumps or spots. 

Merkel cell carcinoma

This is a very rare but severe type of skin cancer that affects around 2,500 people a year. Merkel cell carcinoma first occurs as a firm lump in the skin that is painless, and it usually appears on the neck, head, or eyelid area (thus it can sometimes be mistaken as merely a puffy eye).

It is severe due to how rapidly it can spread to the rest of the body as it is aggressive and fast-growing. It starts in the hormone-producing cells that lie just underneath the skin and hair follicles.

What should I look out for?

Skin cancer can look different on everyone, depending on the type of skin cancer and what triggered the cancerous growth. Skin cancer can be both painful and painless, so don’t assume that a growth is not cancerous just because it is not painful.

The symptoms of skin cancer can range from moles, growths, discolored skin, liver spots, age spots and certain skin folds and bumps, but these overlap with the signs of non-threatening things like the effects of aging, acne, insect bites, and freckles. 

A simple way to routinely check for potentially malignant skin lesions is to check your skin once or twice a month and observe the areas of your body that do not usually get sun exposure, like your underarms, backside, and in between the toes.

If you notice marks in these areas, you might want to consult a doctor. Otherwise, remember to try your best to stay out of the sun. The best skin care for freckles is sun protection, and that’s the same for skin cancer.

With melanoma especially, since it occurs similarly to the effects of aging, sun damage, and freckling, some people might not be able to tell the difference between a mole, sunspot, freckle, and potentially cancerous growth. In these instances, follow this simple ABCDE guide to get a better idea of whether your growth might be cancerous: 


Asymmetry

If you can halve the mole or freckle and they match up, it is symmetrical. Otherwise, it is asymmetrical. Asymmetrical moles are a warning sign. That’s why it pays to know “how do freckles form” or how it appears as far as its proportion.


Border

If the border of the mole is uneven and bumpy, this is a potential sign of a cancerous one. If it is smooth, it is probably benign. 

Color

If your moles are not a uniform color and occur in a wide range of colors, that is a sign of something more serious.

Diameter

If your mole is bigger than a quarter of an inch, it is potentially cancerous. 

Evolving

If the mole changes in size, shape, and degree of elevation, it is potentially malignant. 


Conclusion

It might be hard to spot skin cancer, or maybe you just have a particularly dark freckle. Whatever the case, do routine checks and if you notice anything out of ordinary, it is best to seek medical advice to diagnose it quickly. We want to know how to have good skin and fade dark spots, for sure, but it also matters that it is healthy and cancer-free.

If you’re interested in medically reviewed methods to fade skin spots, you can consult a dermatologist and find out about treatments such as chemical peels and laser treatment which are highly effective in treating skin pigmentation. They also help to get rid of dead skin cells which might help with achieving an even skin tone on top of helping to fade dark spots and dark patches.

Lastly, it reduce the risk of developing skin cancer, always protect your fragile skin against UV radiation by applying sunscreen daily.

Stay tuned for more skincare discussions, such as, “why do i have dark circles,” “how to differentiate blackheads from whiteheads,” and more!

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