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The Science of Aging Skin

Introduction

Although aging is a natural process, it is something that many women fear and dread due to the perceived loss of beauty and youth. We admire women past their 50s who have “aged gracefully” and envy Asian women for their ability to look young and fresh well into their older years. Some women turn to Botox and cosmetic processes to maintain their youthful appearance, while others choose to let nature take its course and simply age naturally. Whatever your personal decision is, it is fascinating and useful to understand how the aging process works. Having the knowledge of how it works also means that you know what is under your control and how you might be able to slow down or at least prevent premature aging from happening too early on. 

The process of aging is, of course, a biological one that can be explained thoroughly by science. In this article, we will delve into the science behind aging — the processes involved, and when you can expect each process to happen. Then, we will list some ways you can prevent aging from happening too soon and how to maintain and care for your skin as your body and skin mature with time.

What happens during aging?

As your body grows older, the structure of your face begins to change. Hairlines begin to retreat away from the face, the cartilage within your ears grow causing the ears to droop, and the tips of your nose might begin to sag as the tissues that connect within the nose cartilage weakens. These are all-natural processes that occur as the body slowly degenerates. Apart from these, there are also aging processes that are occurring under your skin which you cannot see but will manifest over time as the skin sallows out, gets more translucent sags, and wrinkles begin to form. 

The human skin consists of three layers: the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis is the skin’s surface, and this layer is rich in keratin, a substance that provides toughness and is also water-resistant. The dermis is the second layer and consists of nerves, fats, blood vessels, elastin, and collagen fibers which provide elasticity. The last innermost layer is the subcutaneous layer made up of fat. An internal, natural aging process occurs regardless of any other influences. After you turn 20, there will be a year-on-year decrease of collagen production in the dermis by 1%. Collagen and elastin fibers become thicker, more clumpy, and looser which is how the skin becomes inelastic and brittle, which leads to sagging and wrinkles. The natural exfoliation process also decreases by 28%, resulting in dead skin cells to be shed at a much slower rate and cause buildup. In the 30s, the process of transferring moisture from the dermis to epidermis slows down and fat cells begin to shrink. The combination of these effects is that skin starts to look drier and much thinner. Collagen production stops in the 40s, and the sebaceous glands shrink, resulting in dryness and brittle skin. Falling estrogen levels in the 40s and 50s as menopause sets in is also a cause for this decrease in sebum production. 

However, there is also an external aging process, and this is the process we have more control over. It is known in science as extrinsic aging. Extrinsic aging occurs due to environmental factors that are damaging to the skin. It manifests in various ways such as the thickening of the outermost layer of the epidermis, which is known as the cornified layer, loss of collagen, sunspots, skin cancer, and freckling. These are all caused by free radicals that pull electrons from molecules in the skin, resulting in biological alterations to the cells. Skin proteins are damaged and as a result, skin becomes more brittle and less elastic. Luckily, with the right tools and skincare routine, it is possible to turn back time and restore that youthful glow. For instance, SBLA Beauty’s Facial Instant Sculpting Wand was made just for brightening and sculpting your face.

SBLA Beauty Facial Instant Sculpting Wand

The first revolutionary, non-invasive solution that targets the most visible areas of the face prone to aging: the eyes, brows, forehead, lips, cheekbones, and the nasolabial folds lines.

$84.00

Salameh Anti-Aging SPF 30 Moisturizer

Lock in powerful moisture to hydrate and restore your skin’s brilliance. With Zinc Oxide and Octyl Methoxycinnamate, this moisturizer is guaranteed to protect your skin.

$64.00

Hera Youth Activating Cell Serum

With a formula infused with Pyruvate that keeps the skin barrier strong and healthy, this serum works to give your skin a bouncy and bright glow.

$108.78

Laneige Focus Active Ampoule

Ideal for those who need a product to give their skin the glow and firmness that it needs, this ampoule contains soypeptide and is a mild formula free of animal ingredients and pigments.

$56.10


How Can I Keep Looking Young?

There are many ways you can maintain a youthful appearance including a number of cosmetic processes. However, these are expensive to go for regularly, so you will need to factor in the cost of these. There are also many other preventive measures you can take if you are younger, and want to make sure you do not prematurely age your skin. The following will cover both procedures and lifestyle habits that you can incorporate into your life to make sure your skin stays as young and fresh as it can! 

1. Use sun protection at all times 

The sun is definitely one of the biggest culprits in causing premature aging. Exposure to UV rays is what leads to sunspots, discoloration, moles, and potentially even skin cancer. If you are someone who likes to suntan, chances are you will definitely experience prematurely aged skin. The sun is hottest between 10 am to 4 pm, so it is best to stay out of it during this time, and wear a hat or carry an umbrella when you do go out. And of course, cultivate a habit of wearing SPF daily even if you aren’t going to be in the sun. An SPF of 30 is recommended, and be sure to check the label to see if it offers both UVA and UVB protection to make sure your skin doesn’t burn or suffer photoaging.

Salameh Tinted Moisturizer SPF 44

With a medical-grade sunscreen, this chemical-free moisturizer works to protect your skin from sun damage while nourishing it with ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid and Titanium Dioxide.

$89.00

Blithe UV Protector Honest Sunscreen

A mild sunscreen with a spectrum of SPF 50+ PA, this product will protect your skin from free radical rays with its six kinds of naturally derived ingredients.

$26.00

 

2. Boost your skin’s functional processes with moisturizers, retinoids, and exfoliators

Take active steps to preserve your skin’s youthfulness by moisturizing, adding serums, and incorporating retinoids. Skip the harsh cleansers that can damage the skin barrier and opt for neutral pH cleansers instead. Start using gentle exfoliants such as a washcloth or a chemical one like alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) to boost your skin’s dead cell turnover. Be careful not to use harsh exfoliants with grains or beads as it can cause sagging and wrinkling. Incorporate serums to boost your skin’s moisture and hydration. Serums with vitamin A and vitamin C are the most helpful in anti-aging, as these have antioxidant properties to fight free radicals, and also help to stimulate collagen production.

La Mer The Replenishing Oil Exfoliator

With sugar crystals and sea salt, this gentle exfoliator washes away dullness and fine dry lines to leave you with a smoother face and brighter glow.

$149.99

SOME BY MI AHA BHA PHA 30 Days Miracle Cream

Perfect for strengthening your skin’s barrier and improving troubled skin, this cream stops moisture loss and contains essential acids like Asiatic Acid and Madecasic Acid.

$15.00

Salameh Ultimate Rejuvenating Serum

Made with ingredients that stimulate live cells and skin repair, this serum restores your skin to its original glow as well as renews your complexion by increasing collagen production.

$248.00

 

3. Try dermal fillers

Dermal fillers are best for more mature women who have already begun to see the aging in their skin. Fillers help to combat the fine lines and wrinkles that come with aging by injecting a material into the areas with lines. Some of the common areas to get a dermal filler are the lines extending from your nose to your mouth (the smile lines), and another pair that go from the sides of your mouth to the skin, known as marionette lines. A dermatologist or aesthetician will inject hyaluronic acid into these folds to plump the area and reduce the look of prominent lines. These fillers can last for up to 6 months and will wear off eventually so you will need to get touch-ups. If you are looking for something less invasive, you can check out SBLA Beauty’s Neck Sculpting Wand.

SBLA Neck, Chin & Jawline Sculpting Wand

The first revolutionary, non-invasive solution that works within minutes to safely and effectively sculpt the neck, chin, jawline. Its advanced formula is clinically proven to build collagen.

$89.00

TriPollar STOP X

Using the latest RF technology, this device stimulates dermal energy into the skin to increase and accelerate the natural production of collagen and elastin.

$399.00

 

4. Laser treatments for spots

Another popular treatment is a laser, which can do a variety of processes but is most commonly used to even out skin tone, get rid of pigmentation and spots, and resurfacing the facial skin. Laser treatment works by stripping off the uppermost layers of skin where sunspots, scars, and sun damage may be located. The laser will then penetrate the dermis level of the skin to stimulate inflammation which will lead to collagen production. Laser treatment is an expensive and time-consuming procedure that requires two weeks of healing time, so factor that in too if you are considering it.

Conclusion

There are many ways you can slow down the aging process, through both cosmetic procedures and everyday steps. If you are already a mature person with aged skin and you do not feel like going through the hassle of procedures, remember that aging is a natural and beautiful process that you should embrace and not fear! Be confident in the skin you have, and only do what is necessary to make you feel your best.

Recommended Products

No. ProductPriceBuy
1SBLA Beauty Facial Instant Sculpting Wand

The first revolutionary, non-invasive solution that targets the most visible areas of the face prone to aging like the eyes.
$84Shop
2Salameh Anti-Aging SPF 30 Moisturizer

Lock in powerful moisture to hydrate and restore your skin's brilliance. With Zinc Oxide, this moisturizer will protect your skin.
$64Shop
3Hera Youth Activating Cell Serum

With a formula infused with Pyruvate that keeps the skin barrier strong and healthy, this serum works to give your skin a bouncy glow.
$108.78Shop
4Laneige Focus Active Ampoule

Ideal for those who need a product to give their skin the glow and firmness that it needs, this ampoule contains soypeptide.
$56.10Shop
5Salameh Tinted Moisturizer SPF 44

With a medical-grade sunscreen, this chemical-free moisturizer works to protect your skin from sun damage while nourishing it.
$89Shop
6Blithe UV Protector Honest Sunscreen

A mild sunscreen with a spectrum of SPF 50+ PA, it will protect your skin from free radical rays with its naturally derived ingredients.
$26Shop
7La Mer The Replenishing Oil Exfoliator

With sugar crystals and sea salt, this gentle exfoliator washes away dullness and fine dry lines to leave you with a smoother face.
$149.99Shop
8SOME BY MI AHA BHA PHA 30 Days Miracle Cream

Perfect for strengthening your skin’s barrier and improving troubled skin, it stops moisture loss and contains essential acids.
$15Shop
9Salameh Ultimate Rejuvenating Serum

Made with ingredients that stimulate live cells and skin repair, this serum restores your skin complexion to its original glow.
$248Shop
10SBLA Neck, Chin & Jawline Sculpting Wand

The first revolutionary, non-invasive solution that works within minutes to safely and effectively sculpt the neck, chin, jawline.
$89Shop
11TriPollar STOP X

Using the latest RF technology, this device stimulates dermal energy into the skin to accelerate the production of collagen.
$399Shop

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